Do you consider a multimeter an essential gadget for motorcycle maintenance? It is the best decision ever. But choosing a multimeter right away is really difficult as you want to get a quality option. Buying the best multimeter for motorcycles requires spending some time researching several options.
I spent a long time researching several options before purchasing a multimeter. After viewing the main factors, I have listed only a few products to help other users choose a good outcome in less time. We have specifically considered the quality, features, safety, and performance.
Of all the multimeters on my list, the Crenova MS8233D Digital Multimeter is my favorite because it is the most suitable for motorcycle users in terms of safety. Its LCD display and backlight work well to keep you safe even in low-light areas.
Although I’ve identified a multimeter as my favorite, I recommend in detail about each product on the list. Moreover, I have prepared a buying guide to make your multimeter purchase easier. Also, know other related information.
Best Multimeter For Motorcycle: Head-To-Head Comparison
Before going into the detailed discussion about the top multimeters, a quick look at them should be given so that people can get an idea of the differences. In the table below, I have outlined some of the main features of each. So, take a look at them before the extensive discussion.
|Multimeter For Motorcycle||Power Source||Voltage||Item Weight||Price|
|AstroAI 2000 Counts |
|9 V||0.4 Pounds||Click Here|
|AstroAI Digital 4000 |
|Battery Powered||1.5V, 9V and 12V||0.48 pounds||Click Here|
|KAIWEETS Digital |
|Battery Powered||N/A||0.59 pounds||Click Here|
|Digital True RMS 6000 |
|Battery Powered||90 V||N/A||Click Here|
|Assark 6000 Counts |
|Battery Powered||0.6V – 600V||1.19 Pounds||Click Here|
|ANNMETER AN-39C |
|Corded Electric||up to 600V||N/A||Click Here|
|INNOVA 3320 Auto-Ranging|
|Battery Powered||N/A||0.5 Pounds||Click Here|
|Klein Tools MM600|
|Battery Powered||Up to 1000V||0.9 pounds||Click Here|
|Battery Powered||600V||1.22 pounds||Click Here|
|Fluke 117 Digital |
|Battery Powered||9 Volts||1.22 pounds||Click Here|
10 Best Multimeter For Motorcycles: You Must Try
Now it’s time to go into detail about each product. The above table may have given you some idea. Now locksmiths will know why you listed them and why they stand out from other options on the market for users. Read each of the features, pros, and cons to learn which one to choose.
1. AstroAI 2000 Counts Digital Multimeter: Best For Safety Feature
Are you looking for a safer alternative to a multimeter? I recommend this first product on my list for purchase. It is designed in such a way that it can troubleshoot any motorcycle and home electrical problems perfectly and safely. But the device is effortless to operate and comes with many advanced functions.
Features With Benefits:
It is appreciated by users due to its versatile features. An ideal solution to solve various electrical problems in industrial establishments and homes with ease and safety. Also can identify and solve multiple issues, including motorcycle electronics tests.
Newbies may question why it is so safe. It has a double ceramic fuse which prevents burning and overloading. Besides, the silicone cover provides ample protection to the device and reduces the possibility of electric shock.
Easy To Use:
AstroAI 2000 Counts Digital Multimeter is very easy. Its LCD Backlit Screen feature allows easy viewing in low-light areas. Moreover, a user guide is included, which will reduce the possibility of mistakes.
Low Battery Indication:
When the battery is getting low, the user receives an instruction to change or replace it. Knowing this, people can make timely replacements, and the device can continue its service.
- Suitable for DIYers and hobbyists;
- Support stand and safety rubber;
- Provides overload protection;
- Best for accurate troubleshooting;
- Easy to install and use.
- According to users, the backlight should be improved.
2. AstroAI Digital 4000 Counts Multimeter: Best For Versatile Use
Do you need a device suitable for multipurpose use? See the second product in the list. This model of AstroAI will complete large-scale tasks with just one investment. Among the many options in the market, it has held the top spot ever since its launch with lots of positive customer reviews.
Features With Benefits:
The device effectively performs various tests. It measures AC and DC voltage accurately. It is also an excellent option for additional tests, battery tests, diode tests, and live wires.
One must not go to unsafe connections while testing voltages. There is no need to use a test lead; it is easy to detect AC voltage without it. The red indicator light will turn on in case of a strong AC signal. So there is no danger.
The design of the AstroAI Digital 4000 Counts Multimeter will appeal to anyone. Its LCD backlit display has a simple interface and makes everything easy to read. Besides, the low battery indicator informs about battery life.
The manufacturer has designed the device keeping complete safety in mind. It also includes a double ceramic fuse to protect against overloading. So no risk. It’s time to use it.
- Perfectly detect live wires;
- Allows automatic close down;
- Indicates low battery condition;
- Highly protective;
- Strong flashlight to see clearly.
- There is no particular problem, but customers have complained of receiving a defective product.
3. KAIWEETS Digital Multimeter: Best For Accuracy
Third on the list is the KAIWEETS multimeter. Lots of users like it because of some unique features. The manufacturer has designed the device with enough safety features for wide usage. It easily beats other devices due to perfect measurements and advanced features.
Features With Benefits:
The device works for other voltage measurements, including DC current, but is not applicable for AC current. However, it allows users to perform different sizes accurately and safely. Undoubtedly a reliable option.
Allows Sensitive Test:
Apart from automotive, it is suitable for testing various home electrical problems. Its backlight function allows easy access in dark areas and helps to complete tests quickly. But the rotary switch should be within the correct test range.
KAIWEETS Digital Multimeter allows one to operate it with considerable safety. Provides overload protection in any range. Besides, its double fuses feature is appreciated by all for anti-burn.
Since it is a digital device, it offers greater security and accuracy than analog alternatives. Great for motorcycle use, home, or industrial electrical problems. It can meet almost everyone’s needs for ease of use.
- Ultimate accuracy;
- Suitable for versatile use;
- Flexible and stable with a support stand;
- Excellent backlight function;
- Able to troubleshoot different problems.
- This device cannot be used to test the AC current.
4. Digital True RMS 6000 Counts Multimeter: Best Classic
Are you passionate about classic devices? This model from Mastfuyi is famous for its classic design with excellent features. Its ergonomic design makes it more convenient for users to use and carry. Moreover, it is better in terms of security and durability, encouraging one to invest after a long period.
Features With Benefits:
Although a classic device, it can work automatically. The meter can test both AC and DC currents. Besides, the device can complete many other functions, including continuity tests, resistance, and data retention.
This feature is very convenient. It is placed close to the conductor above the meter. When the voltage is more than 90V, the light in the background will flash and be attached to the buzzer.
When the resistance is less than 1000, the buzzer will remind you with a sound. Even exceeding the current range will lead to the same thing. Also, during the diode test, it shows OL due to the reverse connection of positive and negative poles.
Sometimes, measurement readings can be unstable. Then you can fix the task by pressing the hold button. This feature of Digital True RMS 6000 Counts Multimeter is very convenient for recording data.
- Offers double protection;
- Low battery indication;
- Ergonomic design;
- Excellent hold button;
- Overload protection.
- Measuring voltages greater than 1000V DC/AC may damage the meter.
5. Assark 6000 Counts Digital Multimeter: Best Convenient
Do you prefer something simple and convenient? Assark digital multimeter is one of the most suitable options. It works best to make electrical measurements easily and quickly. This high-performance device is a reliable and safe option for users. It can even provide overload protection in all ranges.
Features With Benefits:
As a versatile option, it’s pretty good quality. It works great for measuring both AC and DC currents. Besides, it provides perfect solutions to various problems, including continuity, frequency, diodes, and many other tests.
It provides more accurate readings with a higher range of 6000 counts to ensure a long-term accuracy of data. Even the auto range function requires no knob selection. All these features make the entire process more convenient.
NVC non-contact detectors can detect AC voltage without using lead. Moreover, its alarm light function provides signals when needed. As soon as the voltage is detected, the red indicator flashes, and a beep sounds.
Assark 6000 Counts Digital Multimeter’s voltmeter exceeds safety standards. Its fuses can effectively protect the device. The feature also ensures that it is never damaged by failure.
- Auto power off system;
- Offers premium fuse;
- Great voltage measurement;
- Live wire detector;
- All range overload protection.
- No complaints from the users, according to their feedback.
6. ANNMETER AN-39C Multimeter: Best Budget
This product has gained the trust of everyone in terms of stability and portability. Moreover, this product is a good option for those who are budget conscious or want to spend less. The easy-to-read monitor offers a precise reading. Especially for DIYers and hobbyists, it is the most straightforward device that offers excellent performance.
Features With Benefits:
It is designed by the manufacturer to perform multiple electrical measurements. Also, most users choose it to get practical solutions to electrical problems. An ideal solution for electrical size in industrial establishments and homes.
Auto Backlit Display:
This is one of the most convenient features. The feature automatically turns the light on and off for precise viewing in dark conditions. In this case, the user can easily detect the circuit’s continuity.
You don’t need to touch the wire to detect the device’s voltage. It will maintain adequate security. Moreover, this feature will allow users to measure different loads more accurately.
It makes it easy to measure and record data. Find it on other devices too. But the ANNMETER AN-39C Multimeter offers more convenience in data holding with its premium features.
- Provides full support and protection;
- Double fuse protection;
- Hands-free from AC/DC voltage management;
- Measures tiny components;
- Easily pierce the rubber.
- According to users, it should bring some changes in its design.
7. INNOVA 3320 Auto-Ranging Digital Multimeter: Best Overall
Another great option among digital devices is the INNOVA 3320. This automotive device has long dominated the market as the best solution to electrical problems. Even when you measure electronically, there is no need to dial in the correct range. Also, how much charge the battery has received can be quickly identified.
Features With Benefits:
The manufacturer has designed it so that users can complete measurements with sufficient safety. In addition, there is no need to come in contact with any wire to perform various tests; you can maintain a safe distance.
It helps to determine the correct measurement range. However, the user can decide on the right coverage if the device is automatic.
Unlike other devices, it has a large display from which you can quickly check the battery charge. Besides, a color-coded LED display lets you understand the battery charge status through various signals.
The INNOVA 3320 Auto-Ranging Digital Multimeter maintains considerable safety. It also prevents any form of damage to the vehicle’s ECU. Also offers single-setting resistance for AC/DC voltage.
- Continuity check with audible beeps;
- Patented hands-free testing;
- Low battery load test;
- Single-setting resistance,
- Prevents damages.
- The price is relatively high.
8. Klein Tools MM600 Multimeter: Best Premium
The Klein MM600 is a great option when you expect premium features. It includes all the features and conveniences you expect in a device. It is also designed to work in a variety of critical situations. Moreover, it is always preferred by customers due to its ease of use.
Features With Benefits:
The device can measure AC/DC current up to 1000V. It is most effective even where serious issues need to be troubleshot. In addition, other measurements can also be completed properly.
It can withstand drops of up to 2 meters. It can even withstand daily wear and tear on the job site. Even after working in these conditions, it persists for a long time. So, you can keep it ahead considering durability.
It is suitable for business, residential, and light industrial areas. It will always maintain proper functionality no matter where it is used. But it works conveniently for both professionals and DIYers.
The Klein Tools MM600 Multimeter comes with a pouch that allows you to carry the device quickly and safely. Moreover, you can keep it upright in any flat place.
- Maintains safety rating;
- Can stand in complex situations;
- Low battery indicator;
- Easy fuse replacement;
- Offers convenient features.
- Price is very high than others;
- Security features should be improved.
9. Crenova MS8233D Digital Multimeter: Best For Safety
One of the safest options is Crenova’s model. This device is the best choice, especially for professionals. Each of its features performs best for professional work. It can be used at home, in industrial establishments, and even in cars. Not only convenient to use but also convenient to store and carry.
Features With Benefits:
The device has an inbuilt double fuse which can provide extra protection. It meets the extensive needs of the user. The device maintains safety even when one uses it in the range per his requirement.
Auto-ranging Tester: This feature can accurately measure voltages over a wide range. Every measurement is accurate and maintains accuracy. It can even work equally well in the AC/DC current field.
Backlight Display: The manufacturer has designed the display so that the digits can be ideal even in low-light areas. It has a backlight that illuminates the display anywhere. Moreover, the show is big enough.
Data Hold: Crenova MS8233D Digital Multimeter has unique features that impress people. The feature allows data to be held and recorded. However, a 9V battery must be installed before using the device.
- Overload protection in all ranges;
- Prevents electric shock;
- Perfect for various electrical measurements;
- Insulated and anti-impact;
- Display with backlight.
- Customers have not mentioned any particular inconvenience.
10. Fluke 117 Digital Multimeter: Best Battery Powered
I recommend the Fluke 117 to anyone looking for the best in battery-powered devices. Although the product is at the end of the list, you can rest assured that it is undoubtedly a premium option. The product has been praised by almost all users. But this device is suitable for those who want to spend a little more.
Features With Benefits:
The technology allows one to detect voltage without touching wires. However, there is no need to doubt whether the detection will be perfect because it can measure the correct voltage without touching the wire.
Low Input Impedance:
Do you know what this feature’s specialty is? Sometimes ghost voltage provides some false readings. But low input impedance dramatically reduces this possibility, i.e., one never has to take false readings.
Larger LED Backlight:
The display has ample white light, making the readings easy and convenient. No matter when you try reading in low light. It will always be clear.
The RSM technology of the Fluke 117 Digital Multimeter undoubtedly gives one an added advantage. Provides accurate measurements. It also offers a longer battery life. So, even if the investment is significant, it will keep the user safe for a long time.
- Non-contact voltage detection;
- Automatic voltage selection;
- False reading prevention;
- Can perfectly work in poorly lit areas;
- Very safe.
- Much more expensive.
What To Look For When Buying A Multimeter For A Motorcycle:
Finding a good quality multimeter (1) for your bike is significant. Some essential factors can help purchase a multimeter. I thought of a few things that I will share now. Considering these, you will only need to spend your time looking for a good one.
1. Types Of Multimeter:
First of all, you need to consider the type of multimeter. It comes in two varieties, digital and analog, and these types offer different benefits.
- Most multimeters commonly used in motorcycles are digital, and most people invest in them. A digital display allows numerical values to be seen, making them very easy to use. Hobbyists, DIYers, and professionals prefer digital meters (2) for ease of use.
- Analog multimeters come with some old features but also have the advantages of some digital devices. However, it does not show any digital readings. Instead, the user has to use gauges and a sweeping needle to view the data. You must be very careful while using an Analog meter (3) as it can easily be damaged.
When choosing a multimeter, the display must be given the most important and other physical features. Viewing other variables is no doubt essential but less than displaying. Since the devices are available in the market in different brands, the displays are also available in several types.
But decide on a model whose display is easy to understand and readable. Generally, larger displays will give you this advantage. Remember, a large and legible display also provides you with security.
3. Readings And Ranging:
A meter should have excellent reading capability. Apart from this, the user has to show consideration in selecting the range. When purchasing the device, you will have multimeter options with manual and auto-ranging features.
- I suggest hobbyists or DIYers choose an auto-ranging option as they are effortless to operate. Besides, the device can handle the ranging itself, which you don’t need to pay attention to.
- The manual system is also a good choice as it allows the user to get a quick reading. But the user must set the range here, and hands-on experience is essential to operate it. So choose a feature depending on how you expect reading and ranging.
4. Input Resistance:
The input resistance of a multimeter is an important characteristic. It usually offers the user resistance to all probes in the device. The device with the highest input resistance is undoubtedly considered the best. Exactly how many types of resistance it can withstand is uncertain. You can consider 1MOhm as a fair value.
Some products offer this feature to meet the most demanding customer needs. But if it’s more than that, you might consider yourself lucky for that device. So, know about the feature list of the device before purchase. Enough information about the input resistance will be given in the display.
5. Device Accuracy:
A multimeter needs to be as accurate as possible. You can consider it real enough if you get a 0.5% DC volt with 4000 or 6000 counts. Although it is only partially correct, you can rest assured here. Users often want to spend money on more professional options, but more is needed. The value mentioned in the above words can be appropriate for any user.
That’s why spending more for more quality is a waste of money. However, an accurate RMS reading is required for AC voltages measuring bandwidths beyond 50kHz. Therefore, it is essential to choose depending on the use.
6. Response And Battery Time:
Process time and battery time are just as important as other factors. Please assume that the faster the device reacts, the better it is. This feature makes it easier to analyze open situations circuits. On the other hand, a slow response can put the user in a confusing and annoying situation.
You should switch to a device with more time in terms of battery life. Generally, 1000 hours of battery time is considered ideal. You can prefer less than that. But buying less than 1000 battery times is regarded as a waste of money. So the user must be stable to an ideal extent.
The durability of the multimeter must be considered. In this case, an option should be chosen which will remain intact even after the accidental causes of the motorcycle. The user should confirm this at the time of purchase. Its outerwear casing should be strong enough to withstand unexpected impact. Besides, the possibility of sudden casing breakage will be reduced.
A product with less durability can be damaged by minor impacts, making the device unsafe to operate safely. Moreover, more than a small investment for a multimeter is needed, so a durable option must be chosen to reduce the possibility of quick replacement.
8. Safety Protocols:
Every multimeter must have a proper safety protocol. Several security protocols are defined for the device. So keep them in mind before purchasing. Ensure your device has a durable protective case to protect the user from an electric shock.
Also, check each part of it and make sure all plugs fit securely. Even the manufacturing process of any product may come with some defects which should be carefully checked.
You can purchase a device at a very low or high price. However, each option should be checked before spending more. Even a cheap multimeter purchase decision should only be made with consideration. Investments should be made according to the features users want. However, the more expensive ones are only guaranteed to fulfill some of your needs.
When the user considers the price in the $50 to $100 range, there is a possibility of getting a quality device. It is also not logical that the cheaper alternatives will be standard. However, there are options within the budget that are sufficient to meet the general needs.
10. User Reviews:
Customer reviews are one of the most valuable factors when purchasing a product. It is no different in the context of a multimeter. Knowing what kind of comments previous users have made about an option you have chosen is essential.
After reading various user reviews, newbies can understand why the product is good or not good. Customers express their true feelings after use.
So the customer reviews of selected products will help you to buy the suitable device.
Reading genuine reviews is very important in buying a suitable device. Decide on the product with the most positive comments on the desired feature. However, you should look for reviews on trusted platforms like Amazon for a better experience. Because they give a review after using the products.
Different Purposes Of Using Multimeter For Motorcycle:
There are many reasons why a multimeter should be used. There are several purposes for using a multimeter. Now you will know the details about those objectives. Undoubtedly, you can consider these as benefits as well.
- To Measure Electrical Signals
Electrical signals are essential for understanding various electrical conditions. A multimeter will help you to avoid multiple accidents and short circuits. It is designed with different lights, so when measuring current, the lights flash to indicate other conditions. Some devices even give audible signals.
- To Check For Errors
It is not uncommon to have electrical problems in homes, offices, or industrial plants. But they must be identified and resolved at the right time. That is why people consider a multimeter as the most effective device.
It can locate major electrical problems as well as troubleshoot them efficiently. But users don’t take any security risks as quality devices include security features.
- Offers Output Display
People who use digital devices find them very useful for reading. Digital device displays automatically reveal readings and allow one to read them. It has a backlight in most cases, enabling readings to be read accurately, even in low-light conditions. But this facility is not available in analog devices. Today’s multimeters are pretty handy.
- To Test Batteries
The multimeter is the most fantastic tool for testing battery life. The device gives you a clear idea of your battery’s charge and how much charge it needs. This gives an idea of the battery’s charge level and lifespan.
Since it can give people an idea of the battery life, people can understand how soon they should change the battery. In this case, the disabled battery can be replaced without interruption.
- To Find The Hot Wire
Hot wires in automotive can be pretty dangerous, or some cables may come out accidentally that need to be tested. This device allows detection of all complex lines’ safety.
Without touching the hot wires, you can only know the device’s condition with the device’s help. Not only the detection but the tool will also provide you with the perfect solution to the problem.
- Prevents Electric Shock
When it comes to checking the internal wiring of a motorcycle, the thing owners fear the most is electric shock. It is normal if he uses proper safety tools. Multimeters allow testing internal conditions while maintaining complete safety. There are even some tools that work like professionals and give ideas about various situations through the display.
Which Brand Of Multimeter Is Best?
Among the best motorcycle multimeter brands, Fluke occupies the top position in the market and has many users. This brand has been maintaining standards for many years and improving daily. People who bought a Fluke multimeter years ago still appreciate it because most have maintained accuracy and are free of mechanical problems.
Fluke products have become famous due to some unique features. They not only maintain functionality but also maintain proper safety. Users have acknowledged that they have the highest input security features compared to other options. Fluke products are inexpensive, so those on a tight budget don’t need to look for alternatives.
What Does Multimeter Do In Motorcycles?
Multimeters can be an excellent solution to avoid complications and scary situations with motorcycle electrical systems. A multimeter measures the electrical system accurately. With this, one can work on a motorcycle by taking diagnostics on the main fuse, battery, regulator, and more. Various brands of multimeters in the market come with several convenient features.
According to a study in the book “Modern Motorcycle Technology,” (4) multimeters are the most popular items among electrical testing equipment in the motorcycle industry. It is also known as a volt-ohmmeter. The ohmmeter measures the resistance of a circuit or component by applying a known voltage age to the course and measuring the resulting current.
How Do You Test Your Bike With A Multimeter?
First, turn the multimeter on the 20-voltage scale. The auto-ranging meter will have no scale, but it will work more efficiently. The user has to go to ‘V.’ However, now where the red and black leads touch the battery’s negative post. Now record the voltage. Apart from this, this test can also be done to check the current flowing through the battery under load as you can be sure about the battery’s health.
If you can identify any problem after various tests, you can troubleshoot it very quickly. The device can easily detect internal issues if there is a dead battery or an unacceptable current.
How Do You Test Motorcycle Battery With A Multimeter?
Safety measures should be taken first when testing a motorcycle battery with a multimeter because batteries are flammable and contain lead acid. Choose a ventilated place to check the battery for defects or leaks. Now check the voltage; you can use a digital voltmeter. Remove the battery side cover and saddle for easy access. Finally, check the battery load.
How much charge the battery has received or how much charge should be received will be clearly understood. But there is no conventional way to check battery load; a hydrometer or digital voltmeter can give good results. To extend the life of a battery, it is necessary to test it at the right time, and that can be done with a multimeter.
How Do You Check A Motorcycle Wire With A Multimeter?
Motorcycle cables require regular testing because they are prone to overheating. But an excellent way to know if they are hot is to test them with a multimeter. Live or hot wires can be a hazard. So, a multimeter is the safest and most effective tool to try them. When the wire is hot, you can be sure that electricity is flowing through it. In this case, a rubber glove must be worn on the hand, although some devices keep people from contact with the wire.
Now set the device at 250 VAC. Open the outlet to check if the wires are hot. Put the pieces together and pull the wires out. As soon as the wires are exposed, check the current flow. Remember that checking this will make the whole process easier. Although the test process is completed, check the device’s display for the reading. When it shows a reading of 120V, understand that the wire is hot and live.
What Are The Best Features Of Motorcycle Multimeters?
Motorcycle multimeters come with some great features. Since a motorcycle is a vehicle, it can sometimes get into an accident or get bumped. Hence, the device remains intact most of the time, even after various injuries or accidents. It is from this idea that multimeters for motorcycles are made with the most durable features compared to other options in the market.
Digital devices are much more convenient and allow tests to be done quickly. Another key feature is that it allows the user to complete various tests with considerable security. Its voltage and current can be determined without touching any wire.
Hopefully, the above lengthy discussion has been enough to get a clear idea about various multimeters. The mentioned product reviews help you to choose the best multimeter for a motorcycle. Each product has been researched based on the users’ needs, wants, and budget, so whoever reads this will be satisfied.
Among the products discussed above, I recommend the ANNMETER AN-39C Multimeter for those looking for a budget-friendly option. But even with a low budget, it meets the user’s particular needs. On the other hand, I recommend the Digital True RMS 6000 Counts Multimeter for those who prefer classic devices. Despite its classic design, it includes advanced features.
Although I’ve only highlighted two products at the end, there are plenty of reasons to look into other options. Others are also distinguished in various ways. So, one should decide after knowing the complete information about each device. Moreover, following a buying guide makes it easier for the user to find a quality multimeter.
(1) Martin, T. (2007). Motorcycle Electrical Systems: Troubleshooting and Repair. Motorbooks. https://books.google.com.bd/books?id=k-BHg-mSaXwC&pg=PA30&dq=multimeter+for+motorcycle&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjJ2bfumZr7AhXsTWwGHeU4CB4Q6AF6BAhgEAI#v=onepage&q=multimeter%20for%20motorcycle&f=false
(2) Digital Multimeter for Beginners. (2012, October 29). Retrieved November 22, 2022, from https://books.google.com.bd/books?id=l74OzgEACAAJ&dq=digital+multimeter&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y
(3) Podges, M. (1999). Introductory Electronics for Engineering. Juta and Company Ltd. https://books.google.com.bd/books?id=aFXthxOvhZkC&pg=PA4-IA6&dq=analog+multimeter&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiAqLKytrT7AhX61HMBHUCzDEMQ6AF6BAgBEAI#v=onepage&q=analog%20multimeter&f=false
(4) Abdo, E. (2012). Modern Motorcycle Technology. Cengage Learning. https://books.google.com.bd/books?id=nQ4KAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA315&dq=multimeter+for+motorcycle&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjJ2bfumZr7AhXsTWwGHeU4CB4Q6AF6BAgIEAI#v=onepage&q=multimeter%20for%20motorcycle&f=false